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How the Detection of Gravity Waves was Contrived through Fake Science


The Scale of the Measurement


Reference: https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/page/vibration-isolation
0.1 atto meter is stated as 10-19 meters. 0.1 pico meter control over mechanical motion was modified (inconsequential) to 0.2 pico meter, stated as 2x10-13 meters.

The web site for LIGO is describing trivial changes. The changes are irrelevant to the criticism. The trivia is now scrambled and self-contradictory, so there is no need in trying to adapt to it.

Notice that the moving, controlling and measuring is occurring in the space between atoms. The measurement is 3.72 billion times smaller than a sodium atom (372 pico meters diameter). (372x10-12 ÷ 0.1x10-18 = 3.72x109)

The number one problem, which is not even disputable, is that the laser beam is ten trillion times longer in wavelength than the distance (change) being measured.

Major Frauds:

1. One tenth of an atto meter in a 4 kilometer path was supposedly measured using a laser beam of one micron wavelength. That's ten trillion times greater wavelength than the motion being detected. If one wavelength of the laser were 36 times the distance to the moon, its path would be shortened by the width of an ink line by the measurement. (What is 0.1 atto meter? explained below)

2. The claim of removing all noise motion down to 0.1 atto meter is fakery, as shown by thermal expansion. A temperature change of 18 trillionth of a degree centigrade would wipe out the claimed 0.1 atto meter measurement.

3. Two path lengths of 4 km had to be matched to 0.1 atto meter for interferometry. But the mechanical motion could supposedly get down to only a million times that amount for removing noise motion, which means the mechanism could not match path lengths. The pendulum effect cannot remove linear motion. Linear motion noise must be removed by the mechanical mechanism all the way down to the measurement level of 0.1 atto meter, which it cannot do.

4. The noise removal mechanism (if it were real) would remove the signal. Alignment for interferometry required looking at the end result and responding to the result. Nothing stays in place at that level. It's like a wobbly gel being shaken, which means constant re-adjusting is needed. The adjusting would remove the signal. The signal would be indistinguishable from earth-motion noise.

5. All mechanical motion requires free space around joints, or they freeze and won't move. The free space must at least be enough to account for expansion due to temperature changes. A one centimeter wide collar or shaft will expand 118 nano meters over 1°C requiring at least that much clearance; and there has to be at least four such joints. For this reason, no mechanical device can produce precision below about one micron. That's ten million times the 0.1 pico meter control being claimed.

Compensation for earth movement is said to remove noise motion down to 0.1 pico meters using a mechanical device. A pendulum effect is said to remove the rest of the noise motion down to 0.1 atto meters.

This means the mechanical device is not capable of aligning the distance between two paths down to 0.1 atto meter, as required for the interferometry. The miss is a factor of a million.

In other words, the mechanical control would have to correct all noise motion, not just part of it. The pendulum effect can only remove average motion (vibrations); it cannot correct total distance change. The claims leave no control of linear distance change between 0.1 pico meter and 0.1 atto meter. The earth will have its own motions at all frequencies, some of which will override the signal motion.

In actuality, the mechanical device would become useless at about a micron, which is 10 million times higher than claimed, because of free space in joints, etc. There must be at least enough free space to allow for thermal expansion, or joints will lock up.

These points show what happens when contriving: The contradictions cannot all be removed. The fakes depend upon muddle to conceal their absurdities. The above points prove through self-contradiction regardless of subjective judgment. Physicists rely upon no-one's ability to prove what they did with the instrument, but self-contradiction cannot be removed from the rationalizing. The result is not a difference of opinion; it's a complex scheme being concealed through muddle.

The big talk in science over the past few months has been the detection of gravity waves. Everything about the subject reeks of fraud. Fake events and nonexistent mechanisms are claimed, while the measurements are physically impossible for science to produce. This scheme is similar to the "too big to fail" problem. Fakery in physics has become so outlandish that it cannot be criticized. This practice is not something new in physics; it has been going on for centuries due to the extremely abstract nature of the subject and total darkness created through mathematical complexities.

To shoehorn in the fake discovery, physicists looked for the result of two black holes colliding 1.3 billion light years away. Supposedly, the collision produced 50 times more energy than the radiation emitted by all stars in all galaxies combined, and the result showed up as a one-second pulse with several waves detected as a difference in motion of the mass of two mirrors.

A Nonfunctional Instrument

The detecting instrument would have been nonfunctional. The gravity wave was supposedly traveling at the speed of light. A detecting mirror had a path length of 4 kilometers. Length means distance between two points. The other point was a "beam splitter." Light travels 4 km in 13 micro seconds. This means the second point (beam splitter) would be moving the same way as the mirror with a time lag of 13 µS (If the event were aligned exactly upon the horizon). With the second point tracking the first one by 13 µS, there would be a reduction in sine wave amplitude to 0.26% of the total motion of the mirror. (that's 13 µS divided by 0.005 seconds detector resolution times 100 for percent) This means the mirror would move about 400 times as much as the distance being detected. The detection distance would be extremely small.

The detection distance due to the incoming gravitational wave is said to be one tenth of an atto meter (10-19 meters or 10,000 times smaller than a proton).

Measuring one tenth of an atto meter of change out of 4 kilometers cannot be done in science. The claim that the instrument removes noise motion at one tenth of an atto meter is not credible. Since physicists lied about the result, they would be lying about the sensitivity and noise removal also.

The Interferometry Was Impossible

The interferometry method used is too hypothetical, while realities would overwhelm the results. The laser wavelength was 1064 nano meters (rounds to one micron), which is 10 trillion times larger than the distance being measured. This ratio spreads the variation distance out by a factor of 10 trillion and dilutes the light by that much.
Total interference is required to remove background light. To get this result requires matching distances of two paths to exactness within one tenth of an atto meter. Such adjustments would be impossible regardless of noise removal. Not only is 10 trillionth of the laser light measured, the noise must be removed to 10 trillionth of the laser wavelength, and the positional difference in path lengths must be controlled to 10 trillionth of the wavelength of the laser bean after traveling over 4 kilometers and being reflected 280 times for more than a thousand km of total distance. The noise and adjustment errors are multiplied by 280 with the reflections. Interferometry Explanations

Noise Elimination was Preposterous

The mechanical reduction of noise motion is said to leave 0.1 pico meter of noise, and a pendulum effect reduces the noise motion by another factor of a million to get to the 0.1 atto meter of measurement. If the mechanical noise reduction cannot function below 0.1 pico meter, then the path length cannot be aligned to 0.1 atto meter for interferometry. The interferometry requires alignment of the two paths within the measurement distance of 0.1 atto meters, which is beyond the sensitivity of the claimed mechanical motion used to remove noise—a self-contradiction.

Temperature Effects were a Wipe Out

If the reflecting mirrors are made of silica 1 cm thick and the temperature changes by more than 18 trillionth of a degree centigrade per second, it wipes out the measurement. (1x10-19 ÷ 0.01m x 5.5x10-7 = 18x10-12) (The coefficient of thermal expansion for silica is 5.5x10-7/°C) A laser beam supposedly adds heat to the surface to prevent temperature change. Absorbed by what in transparent silica with a reflective coating? The mirrors are designed to not absorb the measuring beam, and they are going to absorb a heating beam? Temperatures are not uniform when adding heat of such miniscule amounts through such thick material. There is no way to cool the mirrors. Any cooling would be unstable, imprecise and nonuniform. There is no air for controlling temperature, as the environment is high vacuum.

All five points that the measuring wave touches have to be controlled for temperature and noise including the starting point and end point. The temperature of the detector cannot be controlled with a radiation wave, because it absorbs radiation.

Controlling temperature requires measuring what is being controlled. There is no way to measure temperature change to trillionths of a degree centigrade.

There is no such thing as stable temperature, just as there is no such thing as water in a river which is not moving. Temperature is more fluid than water. It is always increasing or decreasing. Part of the reason is because heat is always being added or removed through radiation. All mass is constantly radiating in proportion to its temperature. Another cause of temperature change is heterogeneous materials, which cause variations in rates of temperature movement and radiation.

Inertial Motion Detector

An inertial motion detector is needed to determine noise motion. Believe it or not, it doesn't scale down by a factor of 10-19 either. Inertial detectors respond to force. They do not have a location defined by solid matter, which means the force acting upon them puts them into a general area, not a defined area. Try moving something with a long spring and putting it in an exact location. It will always be undershooting or overshooting. At a normal scale, like guiding a missile, the precision is not bad. But divide that scale by a factor of 10-19, and it's location would be bobbing around by factors of a billion over requirements.


The Wrong Wave Shape

Another telltale sign of fakery is that the wave shape is wrong. The claimed result shows the graph of sine waves during the pulse. But the wave shape would be spikes with flat space between each spike. The flat spaces occur because the second point (beam splitter) tracks with slight delay, and only the difference shows up. During the nearly straight slope of the sine wave, the difference would be nearly unchanging creating a flat section on the wave curve, and during the sharp turn of the sine wave peak, a spike would occur for a difference. The differences would be offset from zero and positive for both halves of the sine wave, since there is no such thing as negative light on the detector. When the distance is either longer or shorter between the two mirrors, light shows up on the interferometer. There is no type of actual motion that would convert the difference wave into a sine wave.

These waves are hypothetical, as there is way too much linear noise motion to get an actual result. Pretending to dampen out the noise is total fakery. But regardless, at one tenth of an atto meter, mass is like a wobbly gel which vibrates and oscillates.

Beam Splitter Adds More Noise

Perhaps the beam splitter is attached to the structure or ground and supposedly unable to move with the gravity wave (descriptions didn't say), but since noise motion is by far the overwhelming factor, it would be worse with a ridged attachment. A rigid attachment for the beam splitter would have reduced the rest of the noise reduction to irrelevance. With everything like wobbly gel, the gravity wave would have affected a rigidly attached beam splitter about the same as the mirrors.

To rationalize such problems, the fakes would have to claim that all critical parts were controlled in the same way, which means five places where items were hanging by pendulums and controlled with mechanical devices for removing motion noise. This means no temperature expansion etc. for five devices aligned to 0.1 atto meters of total distance between them.

The Event Didn't Happen

Not the least problem is that relativity is totally fake. Then the luck of getting the event with everything aligned just when propagandists needed a boost in their religion would be zero probability. Any offset from straight forward location for the event would reduce the effectiveness of the force, usually totally eliminating the effect. Furthermore, black holes would only exist as the center of galaxies, not something floating around to glorify physicists. Physicists theorize naked black holes, but there is no direct method of observing black holes to determine where or when they would be colliding.

More Ad Nauseam:

Temperature must be controlled to prevent thermal expansion caused by more than 18 trillionth of a degree per second temperature change. The claim is that a second laser beam is used to heat the surface. Regardless of whether something in the mirror can absorb the energy, the measurement beam would do more heating than a second beam could. The measurement beam is reflected 280 times between mirrors. The heating beam cannot be reflected, because it would compete with the measurement if it were aligned the same.

Multiplying Noise Motion

Each of the 280 reflections adds to the noise motion. The rationalizations did not account for the reflections. The claim is that 1x10-13 meters of noise is removed mechanically, and 10-6 meters is removed by the pendulum effect. That's a total of 10-19 meters of noise removed, which is the same as the measurement. But these numbers do not account for a lot more noise which adds for several reasons. One, there are four points were noise motion is added: each of two mirrors, the beam splitter and the laser source. Each of the mirrors produces a reflection for 280 cycles for a combination of 560 contacts with the noise motion. None of this additional noise motion is accounted for in the explanation.

Reading Through the Noise

With the given design, the instrument would have to read through the some of the noise, and maybe physicists would prefer that rationalization to some other. It won't work. If they don't bother to align the two waves for interferometry, which they cannot do, there are two problems: One, The amount of light that they would have to read through would randomly vary from maximum to minimum. Maximum light is approximately 10 trillion times more than the detection light. (1x10-6 wavelength ÷ 0.1x10-18 detection = 10x1012) The average amount would be half that, which is 5 trillion times detection level. The signal cannot be detected through that much background light.

Secondly, linear noise due to motion of the earth would occur below the level of 0.1 pico meter claimed, mechanical control. The pendulum cannot remove linear noise which does not average zero during the one second of measurement. The linear motion would produce a constantly changing amount of light. The earth isn't going to stand still between 0.1 pico meters and 0.1 atto meters per second.
Mechanical Motion Free Space

The claimed mechanical removal of noise motion to one tenth of a pico meter is a contradiction of these facts: The mechanism has to move about 80 kilograms (176 lb) of mass, which is the weight of 4 objects, 20 kg each, which hang as a pendulum. All mechanical devices require some free space where motion occurs. In other words, if joints are too tight, nothing moves. An iron atom (crystalline) is 287 pico meter across, which is 2,870 times larger than the claimed, controlled distance of 0.1 pico meter.

How much free space does it require? Certainly more than thermal expansion. The coefficient of thermal expansion for iron is 11.8x10-6 per °C. A one centimeter wide collar or shaft will expand 118 nano meters over 1°C (11.8x10-6 x .01m = 118x10-9) requiring at least that much clearance. This means its motion is not defined over at least that much distance. This distance is 1.8 million times greater than the claimed 0.1 pico meters of control for noise motion removal (118x10-9 ÷ 0.1x10-12 = 1.8 million). It means there is at least 1.8 million times as much undefined distance as claimed control distance, just for the removal of noise motion, and a million times more discrepancy in claiming to remove the difference between two paths down to 0.1 atto meter for interferometry.

What is one tenth of an atto meter? (the claimed distance measured) There are 2.87 billion of them between iron atoms in steel. (287x10-12 ÷ 0.1x10-18 = 2.87x109) There are 287 pico meters between crystalline iron atoms. The edges of atoms are not definable, only the locations of the centers are.

If one iron atom were New York, and another were Los Angeles, a tenth of an atto meter would be 0.054 inches—about the thickness of a wide ink pen mark. (2445 mi x 5280 ft x 12 in ÷ 2.87x109 = 0.054 in)

motionThe vibrations of these atoms would be harmonic, with random and sporadic elements, covering the equivalent of Los Angeles to Denver and New York to Chicago. In that motion, something moving the equivalent of an ink line is supposedly measured. It didn't happen.

It would take a hefty earthquake to move New York to Chicago; and someone is going to measure the motion of an ink line while that is happening? Not hardly.

The Laser Beam Size

The motion is detected by a laser beam which bounces off a vibrating mirror. The laser beam wavelength is ten trillion times greater than the motion being detected. That's one micron (rounded) wavelength for the laser and 0.1 atto meter for the motion being detected. (1x10-6 ÷ 0.1x10-18 = 10x1012) If then, the motion is the ink line between New York and Los Angeles, the wavelength of the laser beam is 36 times the distance to the moon. (0.054 in x 10x1012 ÷ 12 in ÷ 5280 mi = 8.52x106 mi ÷ 240,000 mi = 36)

The claim is that a laser beam equivalent to 36 times the distance to the moon in wavelength (one tenth the distance to the sun) would detect a motion equivalent to a vibrating ink line. The diffusion and random effects in the laser beam (noise) would cause such a small amount of motion to disappear in the light.

     laser wave

Even if the laser beam were perfect and delivered the one tenth of a trillionth variation in its intensity, no detector can respond to such miniscule effects, because detectors have their own noise effects, which are parts per thousand for solid state and parts per million for vacuum tubes. At one part per million noise in the detector, the miss would be a factor of 10 million. (10x10x12 ÷ 1x106 = 10x106) That's one part per ten trillion resolution demand being met with one part per million sensitivity.

A more technical explanation doesn't change much. The detector would hypothetically see darkness due to interferometry, and some light would appear with change in distance to the measuring mirror. If the detector were capable of absorbing maximum light, the measurement would be one part per ten trillionth of the measurement potential of the detector with background noise at one part per million, presumably. But if the detector were so sensitive that it only responds to one tenth of maximum illumination, then the end result could be reduced by a factor of ten. But reducing the problem by a factor of ten is nowhere close to a solution. The miss would be a factor of one million instead of ten million, which means the crude rounding is a suitable explanation in simplified terms.

More Technical Trivia

The project is described at http://www.ligo.caltech.edu.

Article at Space.com

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