How the Detection of Gravity Waves was Contrived through Fake Science
A motion of 0.1 atto meters by a mirror was said to be measured by reflecting a laser beam off it. That distance is 2.87 billion times smaller than the distance between iron atoms in steel. It's 100 million times smaller than the vibration of atoms, which is a noise to signal ratio of 100 million to one.
The distance variation being measured is 10 trillion times smaller than the wavelength of the laser beam detecting it. Such a miniscule change in wave position could not really be detected.
I have worked with elements of this type of technology at the normal human scale. Physicists can't stretch this technology by factors of millions, billions and trillions. A factor of ten over commercial grade technology is where the boundaries are at. Wizardry doesn't remove the overriding motion noise of vibrating molecules.
With atoms vibrating at 10 pico meters, with harmonic, random and spurious effects, refinements are not going to occur at 0.1 atto meter, which is 100 million times smaller.
1. One ten trillionth of laser light intensity was supposedly the variation being measured through interferometry.
2. The photodetector would produce 10 million to one noise to signal ratio.
3. Temperature change of 18 trillionths °C per second swamps the signal.
4. Inductive force for control of motion is not a control mechanism.
5. Motion control would have to look through the measurement detector, which would remove the signal.
6. Atomic vibrations are 100 million times greater than the signal. That's a noise to signal ratio of 100 million to one.
Space Between Iron Atoms
Notice that the moving, controlling and measuring is occurring in less space than the distance between atoms. The measurement is 2.87 billion times smaller than an iron atom (287 pico meters diameter). (287x10-12 ÷ 0.1x10-18 = 2.87x109)
This image shows motion that is one tenth of the distance between iron atoms. Nothing can be controlled at that small of a distance. Now move the iron atoms 287 million times farther apart, or make the movement 287 million times smaller. Nothing resembling it can occur.
Molecular vibrations occur at 10 pico meters for solids (2). That's 100 million times greater than the measurement. Nothing can be measured at a noise to signal ratio of 100 million to one.
This image shows a shift in the laser beam of 20% of one wavelength. It would create a 20% change in light intensity on the detector of the interferometer. Now reduce it by a factor of two trillion. The result is claimed to be how much shift in the laser beam and change in light intensity was detected. The signal changing the distance and light intensity by a factor of one in 10 trillion was supposedly detected.
The description said 280 reflections were used to increase sensitivity. Dividing one half trillion by 280 is 1.8 billion. It means the change in distance and light intensity would be 1.8 billion times smaller than shown in this image. No wave is pure enough and no detector is sensitive enough for such a miniscule effect.
The claim of multiple reflections shows the underlying fallacy of the entire subject. It's the assumption that numbers can be multiplied out infinitely. When the noise to signal ratio is 100 million to one, the noise gets multiplied out more than the signal does. Every event increases the noise without purifying the signal. This problem is obvious in electronics, where the noise cannot be imagined away. Physicists do a lot of pretending where their critics cannot measure and prove what they are doing.
That's a noise to signal ratio of 100 million to one. (Wikipedia, link below, states atomic vibrations as 10-11 meters, which is 10 pico meters.)
This image shows 10 pico meters of atomic vibrations as noise motion. The laser wave must reflect off the surface which is in constant, random motion at 100 million times the distance change being measured (0.1 atto meters). (That's 10 picos divided by 0.1 attos equals 100 million.) The vibrating atoms would create a diffusion of the reflecting wave by 10 pico meters, if the wave were perfect to start with. But of course it would have any amount of undetermined diffusion to start with.
Physicists would respond with one of their common assumptionsthat a measurement will only see the average and can therefore read through any amount of something that averages out. The fallacy is that the average does not stay consistent; it changes at the rate of the noise motion which includes harmonic and spurious changes including "popcorn" noise at all frequencies between the 83 femto seconds of each vibration (see global warming, trapping heat) and the one second of measurement. The variations in noise motion would create a blur over the distance range of 10 pico meters totally wiping out the measurement.
This is what solid state (transistor) noise looks like on an oscilloscope. Both voltage noise and current noise have similar appearance. The noise to signal ratio is about one part per thousand under the best conditions when using commercial grade devices. Industrial grade would have less noise by a factor of 2-5. Military grade would be slightly better. Solid state noise originates with atomic noise which has similar characteristics.
The big talk in science over the past few months has been the detection of gravity waves. Everything about the subject reeks of fraud. Fake events and nonexistent mechanisms are claimed, while the measurements are physically impossible for science to produce. This scheme is similar to the "too big to fail" problem. Fakery in physics has become so outlandish that it cannot be criticized. This practice is not something new in physics; it has been going on for centuries due to the extremely abstract nature of the subject and total darkness created through mathematical complexities.
To shoehorn in the fake discovery, physicists looked for the result of two black holes colliding 1.3 billion light years away. Supposedly, the collision produced 50 times more energy than the radiation emitted by all stars in all galaxies combined, and the result showed up as a one-second pulse with several waves detected as a difference in motion of the mass of two mirrors.
The third claimed measurement of gravity waves occurred in early 2017. Two black holes supposedly collided 3 billion light years away. If the bump actually showed up on the mirrors for one second, was someone looking through a telescope at the collision for that one second? If not, there is no way to determine what the distance was. The bump on the mirrors does not indicate the distance. On top of that, the mass of the black holes is was said to be 49 times that of the sun. The measurement cannot provide such information. Only a telescope looking at just the right spot at that second could tell them such things. Can't anyone see the fakery of such claims?
A Nonfunctional Instrument
The detecting instrument would have been nonfunctional. The gravity wave was supposedly traveling at the speed of light. A detecting mirror had a path length of 4 kilometers. Length means distance between two points. The other point was a "beam splitter." Light travels 4 km in 13 micro seconds. This means the second point (beam splitter) would be moving the same way as the mirror with a time lag of 13 µS (If the event were aligned exactly upon the horizon).
The event being measured was said to occur for one second (too convenient for reality without contrivance. Can you believe two black holes colliding for one second? Actual events of such magnitude would have strung noise for light years.). The one second was split into several sine waves. The effect being measured would only produce a result for 13 micro seconds for each change in direction of motion, since the second point would track the first point after 13 µs of difference.
The original image of the signal (which appears to have been removed from the web site for LIGO) showed about ten sign waves, when including the tiny ones on the ends. This means each sign wave lasted about one tenth of a second. A measurement distance change could only occur for 13 micro seconds. Dividing 0.1 seconds by 13 µS equals 7,700. This means only 0.00013 (0.013%) of each sign wave would have showed up on the instrument. That small of a part of a sine wave would not have been distinguishable as a sign wave. And the wave shape would have been spikes for each change in direction, not sine waves.
The Interferometry Was Impossible
The interferometry method used is too hypothetical, while realities would overwhelm the results. The laser wavelength was 1064 nano meters (rounds to one micron), which is 10 trillion times larger than the distance being measured. This ratio spreads the variation distance out by a factor of 10 trillion and dilutes the light by that much.
General Noise Elimination was Preposterous
The mechanical reduction of noise motion is said to leave 0.1 pico meter of noise (later changed to 0.2 pico meters), and a pendulum effect reduces the noise motion by another factor of a million to get to the 0.1 atto meter of measurement. If the mechanical noise reduction cannot function below 0.1 pico meter, then the path length cannot be aligned to 0.1 atto meter for interferometry. The interferometry requires alignment of the two paths within the measurement distance of 0.1 atto meters, which is beyond the sensitivity of the claimed mechanical motion used to remove noise—a self-contradiction.
All noise which does not average zero motion will not be removed by the pendulum. Earth noise will not average around zero motion. Mechanical control cannot move the pendulum to zero motion below it's precision of 0.1 pico meters (not to mention the fact that the claimed induction force for mechanical control is not a control mechanism.) It means the pendulum is constantly moving.
Removing noise motion with the pendulum effect cannot remove molecular vibrations. Atomic vibrations for solids are said, on Wikipedia, to typically be 10 pico meters (10-11 m) (2). That means atoms moving at 100 million times greater distance than the measurement. Nothing can be measured through a noise to signal ratio of 100 million to one. This motion includes the reflective surface causing it to look the same as the signal. Such motions include harmonics with random and spurious effects. These noise motions are 100 times greater than the claimed mechanical control over noise motion at 0.1 pico meters in addition to 100 million times greater than the signal motion.
If the reflecting mirrors are made of silica 1 cm thick and the temperature changes by more than 18 trillionth of a degree centigrade per second, it wipes out the measurement. (1x10-19 ÷ 0.01m x 5.5x10-7 = 18x10-12) (The coefficient of thermal expansion for silica is 5.5x10-7/°C)
A laser beam supposedly adds heat to the surface to prevent temperature change. Absorbed by what in transparent silica with a reflective coating? The mirrors are designed to not absorb the measuring beam, and they are going to absorb a heating beam? Temperatures are not uniform when adding heat of such miniscule amounts through such thick material. There is no way to cool the mirrors. Any cooling would be unstable, imprecise and nonuniform. There is no air for controlling temperature, as the environment is high vacuum.
All five points that the measuring wave touches have to be controlled for temperature and noise including the starting point and end point. The temperature of the detector cannot be controlled with a radiation wave, because it absorbs radiation.
Controlling temperature requires measuring what is being controlled. There is no way to measure temperature change to trillionths of a degree centigrade.
There is no such thing as stable temperature, just as there is no such thing as water in a river which is not moving. Temperature is more fluid than water. It is always increasing or decreasing. Part of the reason is because heat is always being added or removed through radiation. All mass is constantly radiating in proportion to its temperature. Another cause of temperature change is heterogeneous materials, which cause variations in rates of temperature movement and radiation.
The Wrong Wave Shape
Another telltale sign of fakery is that the wave shape is wrong. The claimed result shows the graph of sine waves during the pulse. But the wave shape would be spikes with flat space between each spike. The flat spaces occur because the second point (beam splitter) tracks with slight delay, and only the difference shows up. During the nearly straight slope of the sine wave, the difference would be nearly unchanging creating a flat section on the wave curve, and during the sharp turn of the sine wave peak, a spike would occur for a difference. The differences would be offset from zero and positive for both halves of the sine wave, since there is no such thing as negative light on the detector. When the distance is either longer or shorter between the two mirrors, light shows up on the interferometer. There is no type of actual motion that would convert the difference wave into a sine wave.
These waves are hypothetical, as there is way too much linear noise motion to get an actual result. Pretending to dampen out the noise is total fakery. But regardless, at one tenth of an atto meter, mass is like a wobbly gel which vibrates and oscillates.
Beam Splitter Adds More Noise
Perhaps the beam splitter is attached to the structure or ground and supposedly unable to move with the gravity wave (descriptions didn't say), but since noise motion is by far the overwhelming factor, it would be worse with a ridged attachment. A rigid attachment for the beam splitter would have reduced the rest of the noise reduction to irrelevance. With everything like wobbly gel, the gravity wave would have affected a rigidly attached beam splitter about the same as the mirrors.
To rationalize such problems, the fakes would have to claim that all critical parts were controlled in the same way, which means five places where items were hanging by pendulums and controlled with mechanical devices for removing motion noise. This means no temperature expansion etc. for five devices aligned to 0.1 atto meters of total distance between them.
Multiplying Noise Motion
Each of the 280 reflections adds to the noise motion. The rationalizations did not account for the reflections. The claim is that 1x10-13 meters of noise is removed mechanically, and 10-6 meters is removed by the pendulum effect. That's a total of 10-19 meters of noise removed, which is the same as the measurement. But these numbers do not account for a lot more noise which adds for several reasons. One, there are four points were noise motion is added: each of two mirrors, the beam splitter and the laser source. Each of the mirrors produces a reflection for 280 cycles for a combination of 560 contacts with the noise motion. None of this additional noise motion is accounted for in the explanation.
The claimed mechanical removal of noise motion to one tenth of a pico meter is a contradiction of these facts: The mechanism has to move about 80 kilograms (176 lb) of mass, which is the weight of 4 objects, 20 kg each, which hang as a pendulum. All mechanical devices require some free space where motion occurs. In other words, if joints are too tight, nothing moves. An iron atom (crystalline) is 287 pico meter across, which is 2,870 times larger than the claimed, controlled distance of 0.1 pico meter.
How much free space does it require? Certainly more than thermal expansion. The coefficient of thermal expansion for iron is 11.8x10-6 per °C. A one centimeter wide collar or shaft will expand 118 nano meters over 1°C (11.8x10-6 x .01m = 118x10-9) requiring at least that much clearance. This means its motion is not defined over at least that much distance. This distance is 1.8 million times greater than the claimed 0.1 pico meters of control for noise motion removal (118x10-9 ÷ 0.1x10-12 = 1.8 million). It means there is at least 1.8 million times as much undefined distance as claimed control distance, just for the removal of noise motion, and a million times more discrepancy in claiming to remove the difference between two paths down to 0.1 atto meter for interferometry.
The descriptive material now says that positional control used inductive coil control like a speaker, implicitly meaning there were no levers or gears that require mechanical free space. Motion cannot be precisely controlled with such coil induction. Inductive force without levers or gears does not produce a definable position. It's the same thing as pulling with a spring. Solid connections are needed to define positions. The spring-like inductive force must overcome friction and inertia of acceleration, which both vary, and the position varies with the counter-force.
It's important to know what the problem of mechanical free space is, because it would be the only reason why inductive force was said to be used. No one uses inductive force without mechanics for position control anywhere in technology, because it is not a controllable mechanism. The only thing inductive force without complex parts can be used for is two position solenoids or switches.
On top of that, the use of inductive force for motion control did actually remove the problem of mechanical free space, because there must be a lot of free space around an inductor. Even though the direction is different, being parallel to the motion, there are still slight angular variations which wipe out the control over distance. But this effect is trivial compared to the ridiculousness of using inductive force to control position.
If a 10 centimeter rod within the inductor rotated 100 pico meters angular on each end (5 cm each from center), the end would shorten the distance by the claimed measurement of 0.1 atto meters. Not only is 100 pico meters not enough free space, the edges are going to rub and create friction with any amount of free space. But an inductor does not produce a definable position to reference to.
If the claim were that the inductor moves the mirror until the light goes dark on the photodetector, the adjustment would be removing the signal. But the inductor could not produce enough precision to do anything. It would jerk back and forth endlessly without matching any feedback requirements.
When physicists claim to use inductive force for the most precise measurement ever claimed, it means they are disregarding precision in exchange for a describable mechanism. It's physics by word salad instead of laws of nature.
Another problem is measurement for the feedback element of control. There is no method of determining what the desired position should be other than looking at the end result, which is the photodetector for the measurement. Correcting position at a higher frequency than the measurement removes the measurement. All alignment through the measuring device must be at such a low frequency that measurement occurs between alignment events. Since the measurement occurred over one second of time, alignment would have to not be occurring during that one second of time. Yet the claim is that adjustments were made at a frequency of 16,384 times per second.
The assumption is that a little noise motion with the mechanical device can be tolerated, and its precision is 0.1 pico meters, while the pendulum effect removes the rest of the noise. That type of logic is for visible effects in the millimeter range, not for a tenth of a quadrillionth (10-16) less than that.
What happens is that the mechanical position control mechanism must look for a light change in the photodetector to see if its position needs to be corrected. There is no other method of feedback control at 0.1 pico meters, which is 2,870 times smaller than the distance between the iron atoms in the steel. Accelerometers don't work at that level. So the mechanical position control device is trying to remove changes in light intensity at 16,384 times per second, while the signal is trying to produce one part per 10 trillion change in the light intensity for one second. That process breaks down and doesn't work.
The mechanical control over motion cannot respond to light changes in the photodetector, if it is only producing crude effects which are removed by the pendulum. Yet there is no other form of feedback information but changes in light in the photodetector.
Descriptions don't say what type of feedback mechanism is used for position control, but there is no position measuring mechanism that functions at thousandths of the distance between iron atoms. The mechanical position controlling mechanism must look at the signal on the photo detector to match waves for interferometry. If the scale was more normal, no match of waves would be required for interferometry, and the signal could read through any level of light that was stable, but not at 0.1 atto meter over 4 kilometers of path length.
If accelerometers were removing motion independent of the output of the photodetector, every device would have to have less than 0.1 atto meter of absolute value position change, which includes all mirrors, splitters and the detector. There is no technology that works at that level.
What is one tenth of an atto meter? (the claimed distance measured) There are 2.87 billion of them between iron atoms in steel. (287x10-12 ÷ 0.1x10-18 = 2.87x109) There are 287 pico meters between crystalline iron atoms. The edges of atoms are not definable, only the locations of the centers are.
If one iron atom were New York, and another were Los Angeles, a tenth of an atto meter would be 0.054 inches—about the thickness of a wide ink pen mark. (2445 mi x 5280 ft x 12 in ÷ 2.87x109 = 0.054 in)
The vibrations of these atoms would be harmonic, with random and sporadic elements, covering the equivalent of Los Angeles to Denver and New York to Chicago. In that motion, something moving the equivalent of an ink line is supposedly measured. It didn't happen.
It would take a hefty earthquake to move New York to Chicago; and someone is going to measure the motion of an ink line while that is happening? Not hardly.
The Laser Beam Size
The motion is detected by a laser beam which bounces off a vibrating mirror. The laser beam wavelength is ten trillion times greater than the motion being detected. That's one micron (rounded) wavelength for the laser and 0.1 atto meter for the motion being detected. (1x10-6 ÷ 0.1x10-18 = 10x1012) If then, the motion is the ink line between New York and Los Angeles, the wavelength of the laser beam is 36 times the distance to the moon. (0.054 in x 10x1012 ÷ 12 in ÷ 5280 mi = 8.52x106 mi ÷ 240,000 mi = 36)
The claim is that a laser beam equivalent to 36 times the distance to the moon in wavelength (one tenth the distance to the sun) would detect a motion equivalent to a vibrating ink line. The diffusion and random effects in the laser beam (noise) would cause such a small amount of motion to disappear in the light.
Limtations on Photodetector
Even if the laser beam were perfect and delivered the one tenth of a trillionth variation in its intensity, no detector can respond to such miniscule effects, because detectors have their own noise effects, which are parts per thousand for solid state and parts per million for vacuum tubes. At one part per million noise in the detector, the miss would be a factor of 10 million. (10x1012 ÷ 1x106 = 10x106) That's one part per ten trillion resolution demand being met with one part per million sensitivity.
Social forces are moving in the direction of contriving and fantasizing science and technology. Journalists are running away with subjects which they know nothing about. Unrealistic subjects such as renewable energy, carbon free electric vehicles, etc. are shaped by journalists, not scientists and engineers. When scientists and engineers try to correct errors on these subjects, they are ignored by journalists who drift off into lala land with their imagination. Guess who prevails. The journalists. They assume they have the science on their side, so they can contrive anything on the subject and it will be fact.
Within science, physicists have been extremely unrealistic. The engineering is the only real product of physics, not the theories. Gravity waves show the problem is spades. Physicists tried to sell the measurement of gravity waves to science bureaucrats for decades. They had to keep removing flaws from the proposed designs. In making proposed designs, a few physicists who have never touched most of the tools involved write up designs on a theoretical basis and miss contradictions in the details.
When construction of the project begins, specialists know the details, but they have no authority over theory or the larger integrated design. What it means is that the design for measuring gravity waves is extremely unrealistic, though there was apparently no concern for realism in using the experiment for propaganda purposes.
Another problem is that society is becoming less and less tolerant of criticism. You might think the media is producing nothing but criticism. It's not. Real criticism is just about a thing of the past. It's being replaced with bitching. Bitching is nothing resembling criticism. It doesn't explain the problems or answers as cause-and-effect relationships. Bitchers complain and expect someone else to solve their problems.
In the developed corruption, status becomes the measure of reliability instead of objective reality. Trump shows what status is worth. He knows nothing about anything.
Journalists don't assume that I have suitable status for telling them anything, while they make up falsehoods on scientific subjects without an iota of science background.
I didn't just study mushrooms and biology. Mushrooms only grow at cool temperatures, so during the summers I did electronic and technology work. At first, I built temperature controlling and measuring devices for mushroom research. Then I extended it into building other household devices and test equipment including balances to ten milligrams precision. Then I did physics experiments reproducing Joule's measurement with modern equipment and related techniques. I've wound a lot of coils for induction effects. I created numerous temperature measuring devices down to five places past the decimal point, which requires such techniques as using an inch thick block of temperature controlled aluminum to stabilize the temperature for sensitive components.
In doing this type of work, you get details into perspective. The thing that jumps out with the claimed measurement of gravity waves is that the details don't work. Physicists don't usually know that. They usually do no hands-on work. They hire specialists for that. With engineering projects, specialists solve the problems. Engineers solve problems by getting a desired result. There is no real result with the measurement of gravity waves.
The lack of realism in physics theory shows up in virtually all of the theoretical math, where effects are calculated in isolation from related complexities, while such effects do not exist in nature without infinite complexities influencing the results. Examples include calculating and predicting the temperature influences of greenhouse gases upon the atmosphere and oceans, while there is no such thing as a greenhouse gas and the measurement of Joule's constant with unvarying precision, while no method exists to determine the ratio of elastic to inelastic force involved, which varies with conditions.
The fakery shows up with the need to contrive such propaganda as "heat trapping gas" and upsetting a "delicate balance". There is no such thing as trapping heat in the atmosphere and delicate balance. All such effects vary massively over time. There would not be a need for such propaganda statements if something real were being studied.
1. The project is described at https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/page/vibration-isolation.2. Atomic Vibrations (10 pico meters), Wikipedia. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atom_vibrations (The 0.1 pico meter control over mechanical motion was modified on the web site for LIGO to 0.2 pico meter. This and other trivial changes on the web site are irrelevant to the criticism. The trivia is now scrambled and self-contradictory, so there is no need in trying to adapt to it.)