temperature graph   global Warming      
 Fudge Factor Replaces Science 
 Saturation is the Proof 
 The Fakery of Modern Global Warming Science 

Gary Novak

Global Warming Home

Quasi Preface

Key Summaries:

How Modern Global Warming Science Took Form

Fudge Factor for Settled Science

Saturation is the Proof

A Mechanism does not Exist

Alphabetical Page List

Detailed Specifics:

Temperature Effects

Thermometer Fraud

Natural Log Curve

Firing Scientists

Acid in the Oceans

Heinz Hug Measurement

Methane is Weaker


Greenhouse Gases



The First Concern for Nonscientists

Global warming is not additive

Nonscientists get this wrong, as every molecule of a greenhouse gas is claimed to be an increase in global warming.

There are two reasons why the greenhouse effect is not additive: One is equilibrium. Cooling occurs until temperatures equalize with incoming energy from the sun.

The other is dynamic effects. Dynamic means rate of change determines the result. In other words, the instant something heats up, it gives up its energy and cools back down. Constant replacement of energy is required to create a stable temperature.

Both concepts combined create dynamic equilibrium. It's like pouring water into a bucket which has a hole in the bottom. The rate of water going in and rate going out determine the result. There is nothing additive with such constant change.

Now, rethink the addition of greenhouse gases. There is no clue in the amount of greenhouse gas as to whether temperatures are increasing or decreasing. The temperature is dependent upon the relative amounts of energy going in and out of the atmosphere. The result cannot be determined without extremely complex scientific study. (Atmospheric Equilibrium)

So what makes nonscientists and journalists so sure that global warming is increasing as greenhouse gases increase? They assume the result is additive; and it is not.

The primary significance of this is that a small amount of heat will not accumulate into a large amount of heat. To do this, additive effects would be required. But when heat is leaving as fast as it is added, small amounts do not accumulate to create large amounts.

Therefore, if one CO2 molecules is going to heat 2,500 air molecules to 1C, the CO2 molecule must be 2,500C. Temperature ratios are rate dependent when heat is being lost in a dynamic manner. Replacing heat as fast as it is disappearing requires temperature ratios in proportion to the heat ratios. Distributing the heat over 2,500 molecules requires 2,500 times as much heat at the point it is being created.

No molecule which is a stable part of the earth's atmosphere is every going to be anything resembling 2,500C.

Heating with Greenhouse Gases

Three Points