Gary Novak

 Global Warming Home

Temperature Effects

Equilibrium in Atmosphere

Fudge Factor

Saturation

Greenhouse Gas Mathematics

Temperature Measurements

Recent History

Stefan-Boltzmann

Firing Scientists

Heinz Hug Measurement

Methane is Weaker

Changing Weather

Oceans not Rising

Heating 2,500°C

Natural Log Curve

Published not as Science

Fake Ice Core Data

Ice Melt Fraud

Future Ice Age

"Delicate Balance" Fraud

Heat-Trapping Gases

The Cause of Ice Ages and Present Climate

Climategate

Second Climategate

Contrivance

The Disputed Area

Zone of Emission Fraud

Errors in Claims

IPCC Propaganda

The 30% Fraud

The 41% Fraud

The Water Vapor Fraud

Humidity Fraud

River, not Window

Hockey Stick Graph

CO2 Charlatanism

A Fake Mechanism

220x10-12 °C

Global Dynamic

Forcing Error

The Concept of Distance

Meaning of Hacked Files

Precipitation

A Look at Modeling

Conduction Heat

Heat-Trapping Gases

There is no Valid Mechanism for CO2 Creating Global Warming

Fake scientists are telling us that trace gases including carbon dioxide determine the temperature of the atmosphere. (CO2 is 0.04% of the atmosphere.) The truth is that the temperature of the atmosphere equilibrates at a level which allows the same amount of energy to leave as enters from the sun, regardless of how the heat enters the atmosphere.

Similarly, the entire atmosphere holds in heat. When scientists say only trace gases are responsible for the heat in the atmosphere, they are getting two major points wrong. One is the assumption that the atmosphere is only heated by radiation which it absorbs. Wrong. Most of the heat gets into the atmosphere through conduction, convection and evaporation, while about 1-3% is due to radiation.

Secondly, they assume that the temperature is due to heat absorbing mechanism of trace gases. Temperature does not have a direct relationship to heat. Heat spreads to everything around it quite rapidly. The resulting temperature will be determined by the heat capacity of the total system and rate of exiting. With the atmosphere, heat will accumulate until it exits at the same rate it enters, which is totally independent of the trace gases.

Here's how this subject is explained on the web site of the Union of Concerned Scientists. It says this:

The "greenhouse effect" refers to the natural phenomenon that keeps the Earth in a temperature range that allows life to flourish. The sun's enormous energy warms the Earth's surface and its atmosphere. As this energy radiates back toward space as heat, a portion is absorbed by a delicate balance of heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere—among them carbon dioxide and methane—which creates an insulating layer. With the temperature control of the greenhouse effect, the Earth has an average surface temperature of 59°F (15°C). Without it, the average surface temperature would be 0°F (-18°C),---

When they say the atmosphere would be 59°F colder without trace gases, they are missing the conduction, convection and evaporation which heats the atmosphere.

They are hung up on a fake Stefan-Boltzmann constant which indicates such an excessive amount radiation being emitted that there is no place for heat transfer through conduction and convection.