A turning point for some scientists occurred decades ago when some jackass said the oceans are in layers, and the surface layer is too thin to absorb much carbon dioxide. The claim is absurd, because the ocean surface is alkaline with no detectable increase in acidity, which means it is going to absorb carbon dioxide regardless of how thick the surface layer is said to be.
Propagandists are claiming that 33-50% of the CO2 which humans put into the air is absorbed by the oceans. There is no method of measuring the amount. Since the amount is contrived, it changes with convenience.
It is unscientific to split the CO2 into two quantitiesthe amount absorbed by the oceans and the amount left in the air. There is no force in nature to split the quantities.
The real force of nature is equilibrium. This means CO2 moves into and out of the oceans at a controlled rate determined by salt content, pH and temperature.
Since the surface of the oceans is alkaline (pH 8.1), CO2 is absorbed with great vigor, and only high salt content allows a small amount to be expelled. Increased temperature allows an increased amount of CO2 to be expelled. Since the oceans were much warmer during the dinosaur years, there was five times as much CO2 in the atmosphere.
On this basis, oceans are allowing 385 ppm CO2 in the air regardless of the amount humans produce. The oceans are taking out all of the CO2 that humans produce but releasing increased amounts due to increased ocean temperatures.
The effect of temperature is demonstrated when an El Nino heats the Pacific Ocean. CO2 measurements in the air show an increase; and when the El Nino subsides, the amount of CO2 in the air returns to normal.
Real science shows that CO2 doesn't hang in the air for centuries as propagandists claim. The oceans exchange CO2 with the atmosphere at 19 times the rate humans produce it. So the human effect disappears in the forces of nature, and the global warming scam disappears with it.
On a long term basis, CO2 is tied up in the oceans as calcium carbonate in coral reefs. Propagandists claim that increased carbon dioxide is destroying coral reefs by causing the oceans to become more acidic. There has been no measurable increase in acidity of the oceans, because the amount humans produce is miniscule compared to the ocean's capacity. The surface oceans contain 1,000 GTC, and it does not stay there. It circulates into the deep oceans, and it gets used in producing coral reefs. The intermediate and deep oceans contain 38,000 GTC. Humans add 8.5 GTC to the air per year.
The implication of corals being damaged is a fraud. No measurement has ever shown coral damage due to carbon dioxide or acidity. All coral damage is caused by other factors, such as temperature increase, while humans cannot cause ocean temperatures to increase. The oceans have a thousand times as much heat capacity as the atmosphere, which means the miniscule and contrived temperature increase of the atmosphere is not the cause of oceans heating.
Acidity caused by carbon dioxide cannot harm corals, contrary to fraudulent claims from recent science. Both the theory and fake studies are a fraud in claiming acidity destroys the ability of corals to make shells from calcium carbonate. No direct measurement has shown damage to corals from carbon dioxide entering the oceans.
The theory is a fraud, because it refers to “acidity” rather than carbonation. Dumping acid into an aquarium in a laboratory is nothing resembling carbon dioxide entering the oceans. The theory says that acid reduces carbonate, which it does. But carbon dioxide isn’t just acid; it is in equilibrium with carbonate. Equilibrium means the more CO2 that is added, the more carbonate there is. Honest scientists know this and have explained it to no avail.
This means corals grow better as carbon dioxide enters the oceans, particularly since the oceans have such huge buffering capacity that no detectable acidity has occurred as a result of CO2 entering the oceans.
Corals have been removing carbon dioxide from the environment for tens of millions of years. The small amount that humans add is a slight correction for the benefit of corals, not a harmful effect on the environment.
The most significant fact of this whole subject of carbon dioxide and global warming is that increases caused by humans are so miniscule compared to natural variations that any harmful effects would have occurred naturally many times over. Yet nature survives ice ages every 100,000 years and similar effects which totally swamp anything humans do.
A new study and web site explains the oceanography of carbon dioxide and shows the errors of the propagandists who claim that increased CO2 in the oceans will make the oceans more acidic and destroy coral reefs. Near the surface of the oceans, increased photosynthesis creates alkalinity rather than acidity. There is in fact a shortage of acid near the surface for the promotion of photosynthesis. The decay which creates acidity occurs 1-2 kilometers down, which is way below the level of coral reefs.
This subject is explained by Dr. J. Floor Anthoni here:
New Oceanograhy Study
CO2 is good, not bad Roy Spencer