The Underlying Science of Global Warming is Fakery
A tiny amount of something can never heat a large amount of something under any set of conditions. Nothing resembling it is found anywhere in science including parts per million greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere. Heat doesn't do that without nuclear reactions.
Preliminary to the basic quantitation was a lead-up through fake modeling which began in the mid seventies. Then Radiative Transfer Equations became the method of quantitation for the primary effect of greenhouse gases.
The unreliability of modeling has been argued, but the early publications were worse than modeling; they were misrepresentations and guesses at the incongruous complexities of the atmosphere. Those standards were blatant fraud beyond modeling. Of course, provability was buried in obfuscation, but obfuscation is not science.
The foundational numbers were derived through Radiative Transfer Equations (RTEs). The final version was published in the late nineties. The implications are that such procedures go back quite a ways, while the evidence disappears into a fog.
The purpose in itself is a fraud for RTEs, because it's impossible to reduce the complexities of the atmosphere to math. Supposedly the amount of radiation being emitted and absorbed can be calculated for numerous layers of the atmosphere to determine how much radiation is emitted into space. Nothing resembling it is possible.
Wikipedia says that the amount of radiation going around greenhouse gases is 15-30%. That's at least a 15% error in the calculations, which were supposedly precise to about 1%. With radiation leaving from all points in the atmosphere, there is no way to quantitate the amount going around greenhouse gases.
Equilibrium controls the rate of radiation outflow, while the effect cannot be quantitated. Equilibrium means temperature build-up occurs until the rate of energy exiting equals the rate of entering. Yet the product of RTEs is a number supposedly representing dis-equilibrium. It says there is 3.7 watts per square meter less radiation leaving the planet than entering upon doubling the amount of CO2 in the air. There is no such thing as dis-equilibrium of temperature in the atmosphere.
The illogical claim of dis-equilibrium shows that the purpose was to contrive a number which could be used to present an image of quantitation as a representation of unquestionable science and the invincibility of the (official) scientists in solving problems. To produce the quantitation, a fake logic was strewn together in a rationalistic manner in contempt for obvious science.
Saturation precludes a temperature increase caused by CO2, but saturation was erased in the RTEs. There was no way to account for saturation in the calculations. Climatologists stopped mentioning saturation in 2001 with no ability to account for it.
But the RTEs are such an obscure muddle than any claim could be attributed to them. The world's largest computers were used, which means total darkness with no accountability for the procedure.
What can be said is that it is impossible to account for saturation in the RTEs. Saturation can be measured in terms of distance, but climatologists avoid doing so. A German scientist, Heinz Hug, did the measurement and said saturation occurs in 10 meters under near-surface conditions. Of course, he couldn't publish such criticism, but he put it on the internet.
Radiative Transfer Equations cannot account for infinite complexities including clouds and humidity, so climatologists ignore those questions in the calculations of RTEs and model the complexities later. There is no number to acquire when ignoring the complexities; yet a number is given as the invariable primary effect upon which complexities are modeled including secondary effects.
This line of logic muddles the complexities together pretending to extract a number for the primary effect, while there is no such number.
It means climatologists started at the desired end point of 1°C temperature increase upon doubling the amount of CO2 in the air and contrived a fake method of calculating it. The result is stated as 3.7 w/m² less radiation leaving the earth than entering due to CO2 in the air as the primary effect, and then secondary effects supposedly triple it to 3°C mostly due to increased water vapor.
Translating 3.7 w/m² into 1°C is another fraud, as there is no definitive relationship, not the least reason being that equilibrium prevents the 3.7 w/m² from existing.
The 1°C was supposedly produced by reversing the Stefan-Boltzmann constant, but reversing it is not valid. It states the amount of radiation emitted from a surface at a particular temperature. There is no temperature that a particular amount of radiation will create, because the constant applies to a defined area on a surface, not a three dimensional atmosphere.
There are two simple facts which turn this whole contrivance into fraud. One, greenhouse gases do not exist, because there is no way to trap heat in the atmosphere. A science for studying something that does not exist is an inherent fraud. Secondly, temperature flows in the atmosphere are infinitely complex, with each molecule influencing other molecules in unknown ways. Such infinite flows of energy cannot be scientifically quantitated.
There is a pretense throughout physics that a mathematical analysis can be made by ignoring infinite complexities and evaluating each effect separately. The whole concept of doing that is invalid science. Complex interactions cannot be separated into unrelated effects for quantitation.
It means the social argument over how much heating results from human activity is built upon a foundation of nonexistent and corrupt science.